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A lot can be learned just from observing. We learned this from on of Bandura’s studies. In his study the Bobo doll study he made a film of a young lady beating up a Bobo doll. He then showed this film to kindergarteners and afterwards he let the children play with the Bobo dolls and he observed what happened. The children then proceeded to beat up the Bobo dolls.The children changed their behavior without being rewarded first. This is an instance where humans imitated another humans behavior. There are steps that Bandura believes that are involved in the modeling process:

1. Attention

2. Retention

3. Reproduciton

4. Motivation

a. past reinforcement

b. promised reinforcement

c. vicarious reinforcement

d. past punishment

e. promised punishment

f. vicarious punishment

but then you need self-regulation

1. Self observation

2. Judgement

3. Self- response

I am not positive why we don’t imitate all of each others actions but I am sure glad we don’t. Yes, it is good when you are sitting in class and you are day dreaming but then you notice all the other students are working so you start working. That is an example of positive imitation. Imitation is bad when you are at the mall and you see someone steal something and you think well that can’t be that bad if they didn’t get caught. Most people have enough good judgement to know not to do that because it is something they know is bad. I am not sure why our mind processes which things are good to imitate and which are not. I believe that it differs per person because some people do imitate things they shouldn’t but that is just showing that they have bad judgement about the situation. Most people know what things are good to imitate and which are not.


TE150 BLOG POST 1, Thursday Jan. 13th, 2011

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From reading, Behaviorism, Chapter 3. Perspectives on learning. and Behavioral and social cognitive approaches, Chapter 7. Educational psychology. I feel that it gives you a whole new way on what learning should be based on. In my psychology class in high school I learned all about Ivan Pavlov and classical conditioning. I think his study of dogs and how when you ring a bell they salivate is really interesting. As a teacher if you start in the beginning of the year by clapping your hands and then the class somewhat pays attention. Over time the class will learn to pay attention when the teacher claps their hands. I think that is interesting. In the second article it talks about Thorndike’s law of effect. This law talks about how when you do something and the outcome is good and when you do something the outcome is bad. A reward is a consequence that increases the probability that a behavior will occur… and punishment is a consequence that decreases the probability a behavior will occur(Sandrock, 2009). If a student does really well on a math test and a teacher tells them they did a great job then they are going to study even harder for their next math test so they can do better. In the case of punishment if a student is interrupting during class and you let them know that it is unacceptable then they know that you as the teacher don’t approve of interruptions. To an extent I can agree with Skinners views about operant conditioning. I think that if you let a kid know they are doing something wrong they wont want to do it again. This doesn’t work in all cases though because sometimes kids like to make their teachers mad and will keep doing things in the classroom that aren’t acceptable. I do believe though that rewarding a student who does well on a test is an extremely good thing especially if the student struggles in that subject. To know that your teacher notices when you are trying really hard really motivates you to want to keep doing well. I don’t think learning should always be based on reward and punishment but I do think that certain behaviorists have interesting views.